One of the most accepted theories of why Chichen Itza was abandoned so abruptly, tells us that the multiple internal conflicts that occurred within the circles of power at that time, began to create disagreements that frequently ended in declarations of war. As a result of this Chichen Itza was divided, causing the escape of some of its factions to other territories of the Yucatan Peninsula, which weakened the power of the great city.
At the time the city was founded, it lived in a state of peace, but the situation changed rapidly as the splendor of Chichén Itzá reached the ears of the rest of the Mesoamerican cultures. Generating conflicts and wars that little by little they were denting the greatness of this ancient Mayan capital city. From the Mayan language to English, the meaning of Chichen Itza would come from the Mayan words "Chi" which means mouth, "Che'en" which means well, "Its" which means magician or witch and at the end "Ja" which means water, this translation has been interpreted as "the mouth of the well of the water sorcerers" or another accepted translation is "mouth of the well of the Itzaes"
Some of the interesting things you can see in the archaeological site of Chichen Itza are "The sacred cenote" an old open cenote of about 60 meters in diameter that was the main stage for rituals with religious motifs. "The great ball game" in This field of the traditional ball game, you can see a combination of Mayan architecture combined with a decoration of Toltec influence, reflected in murals with representations of the god Kukulkan. "Temple of the jaguar" in this temple you can see images of jaguars as a collage adorned with two large pillars representing the feathered serpent. "Temple of the bearded man" is perhaps the best preserved structure in the archaeological site of Chichen Itza, it is a small three-level platform with a staircase that has the statue of a man with a large beard. "The observatory” this interesting circular structure is a clear example of the interest that the Mayan culture had in astronomy, in this structure windows were used to observe the sunset solstices, the stars and the position of Venus.
"The castle" is the main attraction of the Chichen Itza archaeological site, it is a large four-sided pyramid with a temple on top. It measures around 24 meters high and each side has a staircase of 91 steps plus one that leads to the temple at its top, giving a total of 356 steps. One for each day of the year. The base is adorned by two effigies in the shape of the head of the feathered serpent Kukulkan, which with each equinox create a spectacle of light and shadow that projects a serpent descending from the temple to the base of the pyramid.